During the Renaissance, a friar of the Dominican order named Girolamo Savonarola made an impact on the city of Florence. Savonarola lived from 1452 AD to 1498 AD and preached against corruption of the state, the lax of morals in the church and clergy, and the spirit of the Renaissance. With his stunning preaching power he held many sophisticated listeners spellbound. So much so that he led the people of Florence in The Bonfire of the Vanities. It was here that countless citizens burned items they considered to be vanity. Painted portraits, elegant garments, basically anything that was luxurious was burned.
After a period of time Savonarola zeal started to wear off. Plus, some of his prophecies were not coming true. Straightaway members of the Franciscan order remembered that Savonarola once said that if he passed through flames that fire would not touch him. Thus, they told Savonarola that if he was truly a man of God pass through fire and then we will certainly know if your teachings are correct. Savonarola refused this trial by fire. With the passing of every day his popularity waned.
Now the Pope was fed up with Savonarola’s shenanigans. He threatened to put Florence under interdict if they would not hand over Savonarola to the papal authorities. At this point it made little to no sense at all to rebel against the church. However, instead of delivering Savonarola to the Pope, the city of Florence executed him under their authority.