In the 16th century there were those who believed that double predestination makes God a being that dispenses justice unequally. They believed that God either saves all men or damns all men to hell. They refused to believe that God could choose some and not others. John Calvin refuted this heretical view in his Institutes of the Christian Religion. It was his view that God being the supreme master leader of the universe has the authority to free or condemn whom he sees fit. Calvin states in chapter 23 of the Institutes that,
In giving to some what they do not merit, he shows his free favor; in not giving to all, he declares what all deserve. For when Paul says, “God has concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all,” it ought also to be added, that he is debtor to none; for “who has first given to him and it shall be recompensed unto him again?” (Rom. 11:32, 33).
This teaching by John Calvin spread through the regions of Europe and created plenty of philosophical debate.