In the 16th century there arose a group of philosophical thinkers known as the Eutopians. Interestingly, they changed their name from Utopians to Eutopians because in those days utopia literally meant “no place” while eutopia meant “good place”. To achieve eutopia they believed that everyone in their society must work, even members of higher classes or rulers. They believed that no one had any special privileges that would allow them not to work. Also, if everyone worked then everyone would have a lighter load. Some Eutopians even believed that the work hours of many would be decreased under this system, because the whole society would chip in on the workload.
They wanted a society without trade. A society without money would be ideal to these people. They wanted everyone to work to create a pile of wealth for the entire society to take from evenly.
The chief philosophers behind Eutopianism were Thomas More, Tommaso Campanella, and Francis Bacon. These thinkers wrote many books on the subject.
Many new ideas for forming governments and societies would arise in the 16th century. Perhaps it was because of the discovery of new lands and peoples. Perhaps philosophers began to see that other people governed their lands differently than those in Europe. Perhaps because they saw this they began to wonder if the traditional molds of governing were not the only way of running a society.