The Second Industrial Revolution

Bessemer ConverterDuring the 18th and 19th century the world went through the marvels of the industrial revolution. This event raised the standard of living for all people at the time. This revolution shortly transitioned into what is known as the second industrial revolution (or as it is sometimes called, the technological revolution). This revolution ended shortly before the First World War.

A major component of this new revolution was the Bessemer process. Named after its inventor Henry Bessemer, this process was the first inexpensive means by which companies could mass-produce steel from molten pig iron. This process affected other industries in major ways. For instance, railroads cashed in on this newfound gold mine. It became clear that steel rails were more durable and lasted longer than iron rails. These heavy steel rails could support heavier trains with longer loads, thus allowing the world of transportation to reach a whole new level.

Another key innovation in the second industrial revolution is electricity and the foremost figure being Thomas Edison. Although incandescent light bulb had had numerous inventors, Edison invented the most successful form of the incandescent light bulb. Along with the incandescent light bulb there began the rise of central power stations. These stations provided lighting for cities at night. It is easy to see how this revolution drastically changed the nightlife of major cities. People could now go about there activities at night just as well as at day. Maybe for men of the modern day it would not be that big of a deal, however night lighting was and aspect for people in this revolution that changed lives.

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...
This entry was posted in Western Civ. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *